MENTAL ILLNESSES

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

People who have gone through or observed a traumatic incident, such as a natural disaster, a catastrophic accident, a terrorist attack, battle, or rape, or who have been threatened with death, sexual assault, or significant injury, may develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a form of mental illness. After experiencing a terrifying event or a succession of such experiences, PTSD may manifest. Reliving the traumatic event or events in the present (intrusive memories, flashbacks, or nightmares); avoiding thoughts and memories of the events; avoiding behaviours, circumstances, or people that bring back the events; and persistent perceptions of increased present danger are all characteristics of this condition. PTSD symptoms can be categorised into the following four groups: The severity of particular symptoms can vary.

• Intrusion: persistent, unwanted thoughts, upsetting nightmares, or flashbacks to the traumatic incident are examples of intrusive thoughts. Flashbacks can be so vivid that sufferers may believe they are reliving the terrible event or seeing it right before them.

• Avoidance: Steer clear of people, places, things, activities, and situations that can bring back unpleasant memories as part of your avoidance strategy. People could try to forget or stop thinking about the terrible experience. They can be reluctant to discuss what occurred or how they feel about it.

Inability to recall significant details of the trauma, negative thoughts, and feelings that lead to persistent and distorted beliefs about oneself or others, distorted thoughts about the cause or consequences of the event that lead to blaming oneself or others, ongoing fear, horror, anger, guilt, or shame, or a significant decline in interest in once-enjoyed activities. It’s crucial to remember that not everyone who encounters trauma goes on to acquire posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and not everyone with PTSD needs psychiatric care. Some people experience PTSD symptoms that gradually get better or go away. Others improve with the assistance of their support network (family, friends, or clergy). However, many people with PTSD require medical attention to overcome their psychological discomfort, which can be severe and incapacitating. It’s critical to keep in mind that trauma can cause serious distress. PTSD is treatable, and the distress is not the person’s fault. A person has a better chance of recovering if they receive treatment sooner.

Conclusion

Mental illnesses, also known as mental disorders, are a group of mental health issues that can change how one thinks and feels emotionally and affect how one behaves. These disorders are characterised by a change in an emotional state, having manic and depressive episodes, being in a depressive state, feeling loneliness, avoiding certain event settings, and episodes of hyperactivity, among others. These symptoms vary and can sometimes be confused with certain medical issues, such as cancer and thyroid problems. Support and care are vital to the well-being of an individual undergoing mental health issues. More so, one must get diagnosed by a medical practitioner for a proper diagnosis.