MENTAL ILLNESSES

Bipolar Disorder

Changes in a person’s mood, energy level, and capacity to operate are brought on by a brain condition known as bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder patients go through severe emotional bouts, or mood episodes, that normally last a few days to a few weeks. Manic/hypomanic, unusually cheerful or irritated mood, or depressive or sad mood are the several classifications for these mood episodes. Most people with bipolar disorder also have times of neutral mood. Bipolar disorder causes mood swings that might alternate between manic and depressed episodes. The symptoms of a manic phase may include feeling high, extremely happy or irritable, inflated self-esteem or grandiose ideas, increased energy, activity, and creativity, along with a reduced need for sleep, racing thoughts and speech, jumping from topic to topic, and being very easily distracted by any stimuli (such as noises or other people). Impulsive or risky behaviours with spending may also be present. Low mood, lack of motivation, loss of interest in typical hobbies or leisure activities, changes in sleep patterns, difficulty concentrating, withdrawal from social interactions and activities, and feelings of guilt or worthlessness, which may include suicidal thoughts, are some symptoms that may appear during a depressive phase. Bipolar disorder is mainly categorised into bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymic disorder. Both of these variations can be treated if they are identified early enough.