MENTAL ILLNESSES

Depression

At least 23 million children and adolescents are living with depression worldwide. In addition, at least two hundred million adults were diagnosed with depression or depressive behaviour in 2019. Sadness and a loss of interest in previous hobbies are key symptoms of depression. It can impair your ability to perform at work and home and cause several mental and physical issues. From mild to severe, depression symptoms can range from sadness or having a depressed mood to losing interest in or enjoyment of once-enjoyed activities, changes in appetite leading to weight loss or gain unrelated to dieting, difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much, decreased energy or increased fatigue, an increase in pointless physical activity such as pacing, hand-wringing, or slowed movements or speech, and feelings of worthlessness or guilt. After at least two weeks of experiencing depressive symptoms, you should be diagnosed with the condition. It’s crucial to rule out general medical causes because certain medical diseases, such as thyroid issues, brain tumours, or vitamin deficiencies, can mirror the symptoms of depression. Depression and grief can coexist. Some people experience depression due to a loved one passing away, losing their job, becoming the victim of physical violence, or experiencing a catastrophic tragedy. When depression coexists with grief, the grief is more severe and lasts longer than grief alone. It’s crucial to distinguish between grieving and depression because doing so can help people get the support, care, and treatment they require.